Census of 1860

Joseph C.G. Kennedy, Population of the United States in 1860; Compiled from the Original Returns of the Eighth Census (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1864), pp. xxviii-xxvix https://archive.org/details/populationofusin00kennrich/page/n39/mode/2up

[Kennedy was superintendent of census

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[My screen grab is from: Introduction, Population of the United States of America, 1860 https://www2.census.gov/library/publications/decennial/1860/population/1860a-02.pdf — it’s the same as the Internet Archive document above]

Acculturation, Swedes, northern European evangelical movement

James D. Bratt, “The Augustana Synod in Light of American Immigration History,” Augustana Heritage Newsletter, Fall 2012 http://augustanaheritage.augustana.edu/AHANewsletterFall12-web.pdf

The following presentation was given at Plenary Session IV of the AHA Gathering at Gustavus Adolphus College on June 23, 2012. Dr. Bratt is Professor of History at Calvin College, Grand Rapids, Michigan. He received his B.A. from Calvin College and a Ph.D. from Yale University, where he studied under Sydney E. Ahlstrom, the leading historian of American religion in his generation. Professor Bratt has an interest in religion and ethnicity. He taught for nine years at the University of Pittsburgh before returning to his alma mater, where he has just completed his 25th year of service.

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More on ‘institutional separation and functional interaction’ — & 1985 WaPo article on civil religion

Issues in Religious Liberty: Hearing Before the Subcommittee on the Constitution of the Committee on the Judiciary on Oversight on the State of Religious Liberty in America Today, United States Senate, 98th Congress, 2nd Session, June 26, 1984. https://books.google.com/books?id=jPJcI9Qeh4cC&source=gbs_navlinks_s

Hearing was called by Sen. Orrin Hatch, R-Utah, in response to

[p. 120:]

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Notes & quotes: Church, state and Luther’s two kingdoms

Robert Joseph Renaud and Lael Daniel Weinberger. “Spheres of Sovereignty: Church Autonomy and the Theological Heritage of the Separation of Church and State,” Northern Kentucky Law Review 35.1 ( ): 67ff. https://www.academia.edu/37200698/Spheres_of_Sovereignty_Church_Autonomy_Doctrine_and_the_Theological_Heritage_of_the_Separation_of_Church_and_State

Abstract: This article begins by examining the theological underpinnings of the concept of separation of church and state. Second, it proceeds to review the church-history context in which this theology was developed. It focuses especially on the Protestant Reformation’s concept of independent jurisdictions of church and state, and how that perspective influenced the American view of church and state. Finally, it suggests that the historic theological position on the jurisdictional separation of church and state is reflected today in the church autonomy cases.

[73] As far as influence on American law and philosophy goes, arguably the most significant reformer was John Calvin. …

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Notes and excerpts — ‘How Our Lady of Guadalupe Became Lutheran: Latin American Migration and Religious Change’

Luisa Feline Freier, “How Our Lady of Guadalupe Became Lutheran: Latin American Migration and Religious Change,” Migraciones internationales [Tijuana] 5.2 (July-Dec. 2009) http://www.scielo.org.mx/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1665-89062009000200006 Continue reading “Notes and excerpts — ‘How Our Lady of Guadalupe Became Lutheran: Latin American Migration and Religious Change’”

Fernando Ortiz — ajiaco metaphor and transculturation

João Felipe Gonçalves, “The ajiaco in Cuba and beyond: Preface to ‘The human factors of cubanidad’ by Fernando Ortiz,” Hau: Journal of Ethnographic Theory, 4.3 (2014): 445–480. https://www.journals.uchicago.edu/doi/pdfplus/10.14318/hau4.3.031a


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Paul Andersen’s 1850 letter to American Home Missionary Society — ‘ungodly professors’ take warning (!)

Conrad Bergendoff, ed. “Reports to the American Home Missionary Society, 1849-1856,” 35-84. Augustana Historical Society Publications, Vol. 5. Rock Island: Augustana Historical Society, 1935.


[35] In 1848 Paul Andersen, a Norwegian student, succeeded in organizing a number of Chicago Norwegians into a Lutheran congregation. Andersen secured ordination from the Franckean Synod (N.Y.) and for a while belonged to this Synod. the American Home Missionary Society granted him a subsidy and required in return a quarterly and annual report concerning his activities. … [IN AUG SYN ARCHIVES]

… These reports give a graphic picture of conditions during this period in Chicago. The firs Swedish Lutheran immigrants also joined this church and were ministered to by its pastor, prior to the organization of a Swedish congregation and the coming of Erland Carlsson.


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